Legal troubles and financial issues hamper rapid enrollment growth and expansion
April 7, 2018
The Kenya Mission Network conference in Dallas earlier this year touched on a topic that is critical to Kenyans: the potential closure of the Presbyterian University of East Africa as well as two larger universities with religious roots.
On Jan. 25, Acting Education Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i revoked the operation license of Presbyterian University of East Africa, according to The Daily Nation, a media outlet in Kenya. Matiang’i cited the fact that the university hasn’t paid staff in two years and mounting debt as reasons for the closure. Over 1,000 students are enrolled in the university for the 2017–18 school year.
But the problems could be solved with the sale of land, said the Rev. Robert Waihenya Ngugi of Nairobi, who attended the conference. He gave an update on the situation surrounding the university and explained how it came under government scrutiny. He serves as national director of the Missions and Social Responsibilities Board in the Presbyterian Church of East Africa.
“It is not a lost cause,” Ngugi said.
About 40 people attended the Kenya Mission Network conference, including members of churches in Detroit, Oregon, West Virginia, Virginia, New Jersey and Georgia. The group meets annually with an informal structure that encourages sharing and collaboration.
In addition to ordering the closure of the Presbyterian University of East Africa (PUEA), government officials also ordered a forensic financial audit of Kenya Methodist University (KeMU) and Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA), reports Business Daily Africa.
The agency has also proposed that CUEA and KeMU be given a year to restructure their operations and gain solid financial footing. Both of those universities have charters, unlike PUEA, which is still under interim authority to operate.
The Commission for University Education, which is part of the Kenyan government, gave the Presbyterian Church of East Africa interim authority to open the Presbyterian University of East Africa in 2007. The university accepted its first students in 2008.
As the school’s enrollment grew, the university’s president created satellite campuses, Ngugi said. But the money they received wasn’t passed along to the main campus, and the university began to accumulate debt quickly.
Ngugi said the Presbyterian Church of East Africa had been told not to oversee the university too tightly — to let those who were running the university and more familiar with higher education do their jobs. “There was not direct supervision by the church,” he said. “That is where the waters started beating the boat.”
The main campuses needed expansion to accommodate the growth of classes, so the university arranged for a contractor to build four new buildings. But the work was substandard, so the university fired the contractor. The contractor sued the PCEA, and courts ruled that the PCEA owed the contractor money, adding a penalty when the payment wasn’t made. At that point, the Commission on Higher Education began scrutinizing the university and told university officials the school would close in late January 2018, Ngugi said.
The university then decided to sell some land to pay the debt to the contractor as well as other debts, he said. The university was barred from selling the land, but has recently gained permission to do so. Once the land sale is complete, the university will be able to pay the contractor, clear other debts and begin to chart a course forward.
Two Presbyterians who have taught at the university shared their experiences at the Kenya Mission Network meeting. Bobby McCutcheon, a retired professor at Davis & Elkins College in Elkins, West Virginia, went to the university and worked from January to March 2016 to teach Greek to students going into ministry. “The classrooms were rudimentary, and the internet was spotty,” McCutcheon said. “But the spirit was wonderful.”
The Rev. Kamau Thiaru, who has taught theology at the university for two years, said he believes the university has done wonderful work and can be sustainable if given the opportunity. “In my opinion, there have been major strides in the growth of the university in the past two years,” he said.
Kenya Mission Network members asked what they could do to support the university. Ngugi told them the university would like to have more visiting professors to help teach and would welcome any contributions toward paying the way for students. Fees that may seem small to Americans can be large obstacles for Kenyans seeking an education.
Robyn Davis Sekula, Ruling Elder, Highland Presbyterian Church, Louisville, Kentucky, and Chair of the Board of Send a Cow US, Member of the Kenya Mission Network
Today’s Focus: Presbyterian University of East Africa
Let us join in prayer for:
PC(USA) Agencies’ Staff
Let us pray:
Loving God, we pray for the Kenya Mission Network and all those who find themselves in desperate situations. Guide them and fill with hope those who try to be faithful to you in difficult times. Amen.