Moderator: ‘There are no quick fixes’
by Darla Carter | Presbyterian News Service
LOUISVILLE — Earlier this week, a Matthew 25 workshop on eradicating systemic poverty focused viewers’ attention on the importance of being willing to dig in “for the long haul” to help address deeply rooted problems in international communities.
The hourlong workshop by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) featured a panel moderated by Eileen Schuhmann of the Presbyterian Hunger Program (PHP), who connected the overall topic — international accompaniment for sustainable development — with the church’s Matthew 25 invitation.
“Matthew 25 speaks to the importance of addressing systems rather than symptoms, and systems have been built over time; therefore, systems take time to address,” said Schuhmann, associate for Global Engagement and Resources for PHP. “There are no quick fixes in systems work. It can take years, decades or even longer for progress to be seen in systems work, so if we’re serious about eradicating systemic poverty, then we should be serious about committing to the long-term accompaniment of communities working for change.”
She tossed questions to a panel that included PHP’s Valéry Nodem, formerly of RELUFA, the Joining Hands Network in Cameroon; the Rev. Sarah Henken, a PC(USA) mission co-worker who collaborates with the Peace Commission of the Presbyterian Church of Colombia; and Dr. Rolando Pérez, an associate professor at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, who collaborates with the Peace and Hope Association, a Christian human rights organization in Peru.
The panelists provided advice about how to accompany international partners in beneficial ways.
Pérez said long-term accompaniment is an important part of building trust and allows for better assessments to be made.
“We need to live with the communities to whom we’re going to be helping, and that requires time, especially in the context like ours, like mine in Peru and South America, where people, because of the violence, because of oppression, they don’t have trust anymore, so we have to recover the trust,” he said.
Henken spoke about “the importance of keeping the humanity of all who are involved” and not being so focused on “the numbers and … the money or the resources that are exchanged.” The goal is to “work for justice and peace” and transform poverty.
In describing the accompaniment of displaced farmers in Colombia, she noted that there hasn’t been a complete happy ending yet in El Tamarindo, but there has been “advocacy and working together and trying to find solutions that would help all the families.” She added, “The Presbyterian Church has been engaged in partnership with this community and committed to that partnership through all of the twists and turns and ways that it has developed.”
Speaking about his country, Pérez noted that some poor communities have historically been unrecognized by state officials and so they feel invisible.
“We have to recognize them,” he said. “We have to include them because they’re oppressed communities, not only financially, but because” they weren’t seen humans, so it’s important to be willing to listen to them and their stories.
He spoke of the positive impact that churches can have when they join in to advocate for communities. He cited efforts that were made to assist the people of La Oroya, Peru, which became contaminated after a mining company with U.S. ties began operating in the area.
Religious organizations, including the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), added their voices to advocacy campaigns against the contamination and pollution. “It is very interesting to see a very poor community that nobody knows of may feel hope because some people somewhere else are raising their voices. And, you know, they’re saying, ‘They don’t know anything about us, but they’re supporting us,’” Pérez said.
Nodem, PHP’s associate for International Hunger Concerns, encouraged viewers to delve beyond the surface when working with international communities and observing issues such as poverty. Asking questions can uncover structural issues and may reveal connections to your own homeland, he said.
When going into countries, it’s “good to know our own history in those countries” and to realize “we have a lot of work to do on our own end,” Nodem said. Sometimes, there are “a lot of historical factors” involved.
He noted that in Cameroon, where PC(USA) and RELUFA have been active for years, “there’s a lot of corruption in the country, and a lot of companies in the U.S. are part of that corruption.” But there have been efforts, such as the Publish What You Pay Campaign, to create more transparency. He said it was gratifying to return to the country recently and see people continuing to trace how much money is flowing to government hands and trying to make sure it goes toward sustainable development.
Pérez said it’s important to remember that you don’t have all the answers when coming into a community.
“We never just start from zero,” he said. “… We’re always continuing with the work that somebody else has done in the past. … We have to learn what they did before,” but the “temptation is always to arrive thinking that we’re bringing something new and it’s not always like that.”
And even after a problem appears to be resolved, it’s important to stick around for a while. “The challenge is to remain to see the after-damage” because the community is still hurting, he said. “That’s where religious communities and organizations may support something.”
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