Eight synods within the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) have some form of Native American Ministry in their bounds. While you will find some presbyteries with several churches and chapels; others will have one church listed. Most PC(USA) Native American churches are located on reservation and trust lands. The one off-reservation church is located in Phoenix, Arizona. The majority of churches do not have full time clergy.
Most of the churches are small in membership and have emerged from four models:
- missionary—established preaching point
- mission stations (e.g. the cannery at Yakutat, Alaska)
- ministry based on a probe of whether ministry was needed, (e.g. Native American Ministry Project in greater Los Angeles)
- family or clan chapels. (Minutes, PC(USA), 2000, pp. 213)