The churches in each part of Europe also face their own special challenges. In central and eastern Europe, the church is reestablishing congregations, seminaries and diaconal ministries of all kinds as it recovers from decades of oppression. In southern Europe the church is offering a faithful evangelical witness at the same time it is seeking to demonstrate to its Muslim neighbors that it approaches them as a respectful friend and not as an enemy. In northern and western Europe the church is trying to model for their entire societies how it is possible to integrate immigrants and refugees from the poorer nations to Europe’s south and east. All over the region the churches and individual Christians are working to embody Christ’s imperative for peacemaking.