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“For I was hungry and you gave me food.” Matt. 25:35

Epiphany

A painting of Mary holding Jesus while Joseph looks over her shoulder and the Magi kneel in front.

A painting of the adoration of the Magi by Spanish painter Luis Tristán de Escamilla (1586-1624).

Epiphany is the celebration of God’s manifestation or self-revelation to the world in Jesus Christ. In particular, we celebrate the revelation of God’s promise and purpose to the nations of the world, as the magi came from the East to worship to the Christ child, and God’s covenant of grace is extended to all who believe the good news of Christ Jesus. The symbolism of light is important: not only because of the star that guided the magi, but as it relates to the bright dawning of God’s self-revelation in Christ.


An excerpt from the Companion to the Book of Common Worship (Geneva Press, 2003, 94-95)

The word “epiphany” (from the Greek epiphaneia or theophaneia) means “appearance” or “manifestation” of God, and has roots in the word for sunrise or dawn. In ancient times, an epiphany meant either a visible manifestation of a god or the solemn visit of a ruler venerated as a god.

For Christians, Christmas marks the coming of God to us; Epiphany celebrates the appearance of the Lord in the midst of humanity. The Christmas stories of the birth of Immanuel declare the divine entry; Epiphany extols the revelation of God to the world in the person of Jesus of Nazareth.

In our celebrations of Christmas and Epiphany we rejoice in the dawning and the arising of Light in darkness. … Epiphany not only discloses the Savior to the world but also calls the world to show forth Christ, to be witnesses to God’s true Light. The timeless mystery of the incarnation, God in flesh, leads us forth to show and tell of Christ as God’s gift of grace and salvation for all persons. Some call this ongoing epiphany the work of Christmas.


Lectionary readings for Epiphany

Read the Revised Common Lectionary Scripture lessons for the Epiphany of the Lord:

Epiphany of the Lord


Resources for Epiphany

Prayers for Epiphany

These prayers might be used in a variety of settings: Opening Prayers (at the beginning of worship) or concluding collects (after the Prayers of the People); for church websites or newsletters; or in personal, small group or family devotion.

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Find resources for the Epiphany of the Lord from Biblical and Confessional Resources for Worship.

Nativity of the Lord | Baptism of the Lord

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  • We were surprised on the Lectionary calendar to see that we no longer designate the first and second Sundays after Christmas as 1st Sunday in Epiphany and 2nd Sunday in Epiphany. Is this going to standard practice? We see Epiphany is scheduled for Friday, January 6, with no Sunday observance. Also what is the special Sunday observance, in the name of Jesus? by Debra Shoaff on 01/05/2012 at 2:01 p.m.

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