The General Assembly “Affirms its conviction that neither the Church as the body of Christ, nor Christians as individuals, can be neutral or indifferent toward evil in the world; Affirms its responsibility to speak on social and moral issues for the encouragement and instruction of the Church and its members, seeking earnestly both to know the mind of Christ and to speak always in humility and love; Reminds the churches that their duty is not only to encourage and train their members in daily obedience to God’s will, but corporately to reveal God’s grace in places of suffering and need, to resist the forces that tyrannize, and to support the forces that restore the dignity of all men as the children of God, for only so is the gospel most fully proclaimed; ...”
—1958 Statement – PC(USA), p. 537
The "eye for an eye" issue is old testament. The new testament does not appear to support the death penalty. The easy thing is to ask yourself if Jesus would have done this or supported it. The death penalty is 100% revenge and this is NOT Christianity, in my opinion!
I believe these 2 verses in Exodus 21 support capital punishment while seeming to go against abortion: Exodus 21:22-23 "If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman's husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine]. "But if [any] harm follows, then you shall give life for life,
How could we be saved if Jesus was not executed by death penalty? Is it fair to say because of Jesus’ execution, God is not against death penalty? It is my conclusion that Jesus and Paul encourage us to do our best to be harmony with the righteous government and culture. The conclusion is drawn from the story of Jesus paying tax and the Paul’s teaching that women should not talk in public.